For those of you who want to cultivate Brussels sprout cabbage (mini cabbage) need to listen to several things, including the atmosphere of the environment where it grows, varieties, brussels cabbage cultivation techniques. Therefore where the Brussels sprouts growing stages are very easy for you to know. Let us look at the presentation of this article carefully.
In addition, proper care and maintenance, later it is expected to acquire cabbage with the perfect crop look. Cabbage, which is only 4 cm in diameter, is indeed an exclusive vegetable that has a fairly expensive price. With the cultivation of brussels sprouts growing stages or brussels sprouts are only in exclusive supermarkets. Let’s look at the article from lavitaebellablog below.
Come on, See How Brussels Sprouts Growing Stages
This exclusive vegetable targets the upper middle class. Local farmers who work on these vegetables are still very minimal. Most of what is seen in supermarkets is imported. Farmers who cultivate Brussels caliphate cabbage still often experience failures during harvest.
The obstacle that is often experienced by farmers is that the often high volatile temperatures trigger these plants not to want to form a crop. Also the atmosphere of less fertile soil also brings the impact of failure. Handling plants like ordinary cabbage is not enough, it takes a lot of special treatments so that the plants can grow well. Here’s how to cultivate Brussels sprouts.
1. Growing Place Requirements
This tiny-shaped cabbage comes from a subtropical place so it requires a cold and cool growing environment. To be able to grow well, this plant needs nighttime temperatures of less than 18.3 degrees Celsius. Therefore, in tropical regions such as Indonesia, this cabbage can only be grown in the highlands (more than 1,000 masl).
This vegetable is in dire need of heavy rainfall, but it does not tolerate waterlogging. Therefore, the soil structure must have a good drainage and aeration platform. The soil should be compact textured, fertile with a high content of organic matter, slightly acidic ph (optimum Ph 6.5).
2. Making Seedlings
At the time of cultivation of Brussels cabbage that must be carried out seedbeds with the correct technical so that the results are optimal. Use polybags, or beds to seed cabbage seeds. The medium used for seeding is a mixture of soil, sand and compost or mature manure in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.
Cabbage seeds are pre-soaked in hot water for 30 minutes with a temperature of 50 degrees Celsius. This soaking is intended to avoid the attack of Xanthomonas campestris, accelerating germination. Seeds can also be soaked into an atonic solution. Finally, the seeds are planted by immersing them in a cm-deep medium and finally covered with a planting medium.
Take care of the humidity of the seedling medium by regularly watering it daily. When watering, do it carefully not to expose the planting medium so that it disturbs the seeds that are in the process of germinating.
The seedbed must be protected from the impact of large winds and rainwater splashes. Use a plastic roof as a shading. Within 7–12 days, the seeds are already germinated. At the age of one week, sprouts should be shaded with a break of 5–7 cm so that the seedlings do not grow thin and weak in condition. New seedlings are ready to be transferred to planting huma after the seedlings are 4–6 weeks old or have reached a height of 10–15 cm.
3. Tillage (Brussels sprouts growing stages)
The figure of the brussels cabbage plant is so similar to a stick that it is likely that a planting site can be chosen that is protected from the impact of large winds. The soil to be planted with cabbage seedlings must first be treated.
Carry out soil grafting to turn over the soil and loosen the soil. Leave the soil that after hoeing is exposed to direct sunlight. The goal is that the seedlings of disease pests contained in the soil can die. The soil should also be clean of weeds and rocks that can interfere with plant growth.
When the tillage is complete, the next step is just to make the beds that follow the kontour huma. The width of the beds is enough to make 100–120 cm, height 20–30 cm and inter-bed breaks of 30 cm. These 30 cm wide trenches can avoid stagnant water during high-intensity rains.
The size of the planting pit is 20 cm in diameter with a depth of 15 cm. Each planting pit is given basic fertilizer such as compost or mature manure as much as 2 handfuls plus 5 grams of Npk. It would be better to add 1 gram of furadan to eradicate soil pests. Upon completion, it remains only that the planting pit is left exposed to direct sunlight for 1–2 days.
4. Planting and Maintenance
Choose seedlings that are well-growing and lush. Removal of brussels sprouted cabbage seedlings should be careful, lest the rooting of many is damaged. Seedlings are planted with all parts of the roots going into the ground and the bottom leaves are located just above the soil level.
Fill all parts of the planting pit space with earth until it is completely filled and the plant can stand upright. Next, compact the soil by hand. These newly planted seedlings still need to be protected by shading made from the fronds of banana stems.
This young cabbage plant should receive water in sufficient quantities. When the air temperature is so hot, watering can be done 2 times a day in the morning and evening. As the plant grows, shade can be lifted, but it remains placed on the ground approximately to protect the soil from sunburn and rainwater drops. For an adult plant, watering should not be done as often as possible when the soil is indeed really fertile and good.
5. Fertilizer Support
Almost all vegetables need a lot of fertilizer in the amount. Therefore it is necessary to apply follow-up fertilizers. If the plant seems to be thriving, at the age of 1 week it is enough to apply NPK fertilizer or urea as much as 1 gram per plant.
However, if the development of the plant seems less fertile, fertilization is carried out through the planting medium as well as through the leaves at once. Through the planting medium, you can add NPK fertilizer or urea. For foliar fertilizer is carried out by spraying directed at the leaves of the plant.
One week after the first fertilization, the plants are fed with another fertilizer with NPK or urea as much as 4 grams per plant. At the age of 4 weeks, plants are fed with NPK fertilizer or ureas as much as 5 grams per plant. If the plant still seems less fertile, fertilize the leaves by spraying.
When shoots begin to form, give ammonium sulfate with a protection interval of 10–14 days. It should be noted, if the crop begins to form, the nitrogen fertilizer assistance must be reduced or stopped very similarly because excess nitrogen relief will cause crop loss.
Sprouted brussels sprout cabbage can be harvested already at the age of 5–7 months from the seedling which also depends on the variety. The inherent crop on the bud is already enlarged and quite impermeable to the petals. The crop to be harvested starts from the one located at the bottom first and continues to point upwards. This tiny cabbage can stand for 7 weeks in the storage room. Productivity per hectare can reach 6–8 tons.
Well, those are some reviews about Brussels sprouts growing growth stage by cultivating this plant you can take advantage of it from me thank you for your attention.