Are you a vegetable lover of broccoli? Because the price on the market is quite expensive, you should just plant it yourself. Actually growing broccoli is not difficult. It only takes determination and patience. In this article, we will discuss how does broccoli grow.
Now we will add even more specific reviews of how does broccoli grow in pots that can be done even in the lowlands while still relying on the hydroponic method. The hydroponic method is used because this method offers a variety of planting media that is suitable when applied to grow broccoli in the lowlands. Let’s see more articles from lavitaebellablog below.
How to Grow Broccoli In Pots in the Lowlands
For those of you who intend to try it at your residence, please read the explanation below. Broccoli is a homogeneous cabbage plant that has many essential nutrients. Typically, the most commonly encountered broccoli model is green broccoli. Actually, this plant only lives in places with an altitude of 800 – 1000 meters above sea level.
But now along with the development of various kinds of technologies, broccoli, which should only grow in the highlands, can be grown in pots, especially in the lowlands. By using a hydroponic platform and choosing the correct planting medium, this becomes quite possible to work on.
The hydroponic method was chosen because of the supporting planting medium for cultivation in low places, also because this method is very clean so that it can be grown even in rooms. Not only that, by allowing it to be planted in a room, it will be very profitable with a narrow room that can produce a lot of plants when compared to conventional methods because the pots used are easier to arrange layout.
Broccoli seeds that must be planted must have good quality so that later the results of the cultivation carried out are not in vain. In order to be said to be good, there are several conditions or standards for broccoli seedlings that must be met:
- Whole seeds; no wounds/no stigma.
- Seeds are free from pests and diseases.
- Pure seed; not mixed with other seeds and also free from dirt.
- Seeds are taken from the seeded type of seed.
- Seeds have a sprouting energy of 80 Percent.
- When the seed sinks in water when soaked, it means that the seed is good.
Seeding and Rearing seedlings
The seedling medium used is a mixture of fine soil and manure which uses a ratio of 2: 1 as much as 90 percent. In order for the seedling medium to be sterile, first steam it with a temperature of 55-100⁰ Celsius for 30-60 minutes. The second way that can be done is by pouring a formalin solution of 4Persen, then for 24 hours covered with a sheet of plastic and aerated afterwards.
The third way that can be done is by mixing the seedling medium with the Basamid-G fumigant substance as much as 40 grams / m2 at a depth of 10-15 cm. Then water until wet and cover with plastic for five days and aerate afterwards for 10-15 days. After the sterilization process is completed, then one by one the seeds are put into small polybags with a size of 7-8 x 10 cm.
Maintenance When Seeding
Watering is carried out twice a day in the morning and evening so that there is no dryness so as to prevent the development of broccoli seeds. Regulate the epilogue of the seedling medium so that the seedlings are not exposed to hyperbolic sunlight.
Seedling media is open every morning until 10.00 and in the afternoon from 15.00. Outside of these hours, the sunlight is so harsh that it is less favorable for the development of seedlings. When it rains, the epilogue must be reused so that the abundant rainwater is not related to the sowing seedlings.
Weeding is carried out on plants that interfere with the growth of seedlings. Weeding is done by pulling out grass and weeds that grow between staple crops. Follow-up fertilizer assistance is given after seeding seedlings is carried out by dissolving enough NPK fertilizer with water for watering.
Prevention and eradication of pests and diseases that have the potential to attack plants is carried out using insecticides and fungicides: Antracol, Dithane, Furadan 3g, Hostathion, etc.
Planting and Maintenance of Broccoli
Planting broccoli seedlings is carried out on prepared husks in the morning or evening when the sun is not hot. When the plant has been planted, some care must be taken to keep the plant healthy and avoid pests and diseases.
· Embroidery and Thinning
Embroidery and thinning are carried out once at the time of seeding when the age is still in the range of 10-15 days. If seeding is done in polybags or pots, thinning does not need to be done.
Weeding is carried out before fertilizing. And in parallel with the bulking of the soil when the plants are 7-10, 20, and 30-35 days old.
The paving of the branches or side shoots is carried out as early as possible in order to maintain the parental plants for the development of the plant. So that food substances can be concentrated on the formation of flowers can be as optimal as possible.
· Fertilizing Broccoli in a Pot
In order for the planted broccoli to be avoided from various pests that often attack such as earthworms Inchworms, aphids, black spot disease, soft blight. And other diseases that often infect broccoli, then fertilization that can be done by fertilizing is as follows:
· Follow-up Fertilization I
Follow-up fertilization is carried out when the plant is 7-10 days old. This fertilization uses 250 kg of ZA plus 75 kg of Urea fertilizer. And 150 kg of TSP and also 75 kg of KCL in a ratio of 2 : 1 : 2 : 1 for plants equivalent to an area of one hectare. Support fertilizer by 1 tablespoon in approximately the plant as far as 10-15 cm from the stem.
· Follow-up Fertilization II
Follow-up fertilization II is carried out when the plant is 20 days old using 150 kg of Za. 75 kg of Urea, 75 kg of Tsp, and 150 Kcl. Doses given are one tablespoon with a break of 20 cm.
· Follow-up Fertilization III
Follow-up fertilization III is carried out when the plant reaches 30-35 days of age using 150 kg of Za. 100 kg of Urea, and 150 kg of Kcl. Doses given are 1 tablespoon with a distance of 25 cm. Spraying foliar fertilizers that have a high Nitrogen. And Potassium content can be done at the end of the harvest era so that flower yields can be encouraged and increased.
Harvesting Broccoli in a Pot
Harvesting broccoli is carried out when the flowers have reached their maximum size and are dense. But the flower buds have not yet expanded. How to harvest that can be taken by cutting. The flower stalks along with the stems and leaves 25 cm wide.
After the broccoli is picked. It is better to collect it in a place that is not exposed to direct sunlight so that broccoli can be obtained with high quality. For marketing, it can be sold to supermarkets or to vegetable exporters.
Well, those are some important reviews about how broccoli grows. If you have broccoli you have to know how to grow broccoli so much from me thank you.