How to Grow Fig Trees from Cuttings: A Comprehensive Guide

Selecting the Right Cutting for Propagation

Fig tree cuttings

Fig trees are relatively easy to propagate from cuttings, but to be successful, you need to make sure you choose the right cutting. Not all cuttings are created equal; some are healthier and have a higher success rate than others. Here are some factors to consider when selecting the right cutting for propagation:


The best time to take fig cuttings is in the dormant season when the tree has shed all its leaves and is not actively growing. In most regions, this is between December and February. During this time, the fig tree is in a state of dormancy, which means that it’s not using much energy, and this can increase the chances of your cutting being successful.

Cutting Size and Condition

The most important factor when selecting a fig tree cutting is its size and condition. Choose healthy-looking branches that are about a pencil’s thickness and at least 8 inches long. It’s important to choose a branch that has a smooth, straight cut at the bottom, as this can help promote rooting. Avoid selecting branches that are too thin or twisted, as they are less likely to root successfully.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors can have a significant impact on your fig cutting’s success rate. Select cuttings from a tree that’s healthy and growing in optimal environmental conditions. Ideally, you want your fig tree cutting to come from a tree that’s not too old or too young. Trees that are too old may be less vigorous and may not produce healthy cuttings, while trees that are too young may not have strong enough branches for cuttings.


The location of your fig tree cutting is also important. Select a location that is not too windy or exposed to harsh weather conditions. You want your cutting to be in a spot that gets plenty of filtered light but not too much direct sunlight. If you’re planting your cutting in a pot, make sure it has good drainage and is filled with well-draining potting mix.

Tools and Technique

When taking your cutting, it’s important to use clean and sharp secateurs or pruning shears. Make a clean cut at the base of the cutting and trim away any small twigs or foliage, leaving only a few leaves at the top. To increase the success rate of your cutting, you can also use rooting hormone powder or gel to promote root formation. Once you have your cutting, plant it immediately in well-draining soil, water it well, and cover it with a plastic bag to create a mini greenhouse environment that will help to promote rooting.

By going through the above factors, you will be able to select the right fig tree cutting that will have a higher chance of successfully rooting and developing into a healthy and vigorous plant.

Preparing the Cutting for Rooting

fig tree cutting

If you are looking for a simple and inexpensive way to grow fig trees, then taking a cutting is your best option. When you take a cutting, you’re cloning the mother tree. You’ll have an exact replica of the base fig plant that will continue to grow and produce figs. Gathering your own cuttings and rooting them is not only cost-effective but also sustainable. It’s a fun DIY project to undertake and an excellent way to increase your yield of fig trees. Here’s how to prepare the cuttings for rooting:

1. Choose the Right Time to Take the Cuttings

The ideal time to take cuttings from a fig tree is during the dormant season. This will help to increase the success rate of rooting. In most regions, the dormant season is during the winter months from December to February. The cuttings taken during this time have a higher chance of developing a robust root system. Make sure you take the cuttings from healthy trees that are not suffering from any pests or diseases.

2. Collect Your Cuttings

The next step is to gather your supplies. You’ll need a pair of sharp, clean pruning shears, a bucket of water, and a rooting hormone. Choose a cutting that is between 6 and 10 inches long and has at least three nodes. A node will be a tiny bump on the stem where a leaf or branch emerges. Take the cutting from the current season’s growth since it’s more likely to root and grow vigorously.

One essential aspect of collecting the cuttings is to make sure that they remain moist all the time. Dry cuttings with dry stems tend to root with difficulty. Therefore, when collecting the cuttings, keep them in a bucket of water. If they are not planted right away, cover the bucket with a plastic bag to retain moisture. Also, don’t gather more cuttings than you need, because any extra will go to waste.

3. Prepare the Cutting

Cut the stem above the top node and below the bottom node. Remove all the leaves from the bottom 2/3 of the cutting. The leaves will be dipped in a rooting hormone, so trimming them off is essential. The cutting needs to focus on developing roots rather than supporting leaves and fruit. You may want to use a sterilized pair of pruning shears to remove the leaves and reduce the risk of stem infections.

The lower end of the cutting is where the roots will emerge. The end needs to be clean and fresh. Make a slanted cut at the bottom of the stem with the sterilized pruning shears. A diagonal cut will provide a larger surface area, which will be beneficial for rooting.

4. Apply Rooting Hormone

The cuttings need a rooting hormone to encourage and speed up the growth of roots. The rooting hormone contains auxins, which stimulate cell division and the growth of roots. Dip the cutting in the rooting hormone, and shake off the excess. Make sure that the entire stem’s bottom has some powdered hormone.

5. Plant the Cutting

Now, your cutting is ready for planting in individual pots or directly into the soil. Fill the pot with well-draining soil, make a hole, and insert the cutting inside. Keep the soil moist but not excessively wet. Provide warmth and humidity. Cover the plant with a plastic bag and place it in a bright spot, away from direct sunlight. In winter, use a heating mat to provide warmth. Keep checking regularly for signs of roots. The plant will develop roots over a period of six to eight weeks.


Fig trees can be expensive to buy, and the best way to propagate them is through cuttings. Preparing the cutting for rooting is the first step in creating your fig tree. By following these easy steps, you can grow your fig tree successfully. Remember to collect the cuttings at the right time of year, dip them in a rooting hormone, and place them in a warm, humid spot. With a little patience and care, you’ll soon have your fig tree that will provide you with years of enjoyment.

Rooting the Cutting in Soil or Water

fig cuttings in water

Fig trees are not difficult to propagate, and you can grow more by taking cuttings in either water or soil. This article will provide you with practical information on how to grow fig trees from cuttings.

Fig trees are native to Western Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean, and their fruits are sweet and delicious. Growing your fig tree from a cutting is not only affordable, but it’s also fun and rewarding.

1. Choosing the Right Cutting

fig cuttings

The ideal cutting for propagation should be around pencil-size and 6 to 8 inches long. Look for a healthy green stem that doesn’t have fruit or flowers on it because the cutting will need to focus all its energy on growing roots. Choose cuttings from the tip of a branch because they have a greater chance of success than from older wood.

2. Rooting in Water

fig cuttings in water

You can root your fig cuttings in water if you prefer it over soil. Fill a clean glass jar with room-temperature water, remove the leaves from the lower two-thirds of the stem, and place the cutting in the jar. Place the jar in a bright and warm place but out of direct sunlight as it can cause the cutting to wilt. Change the water regularly to keep it fresh, and within 3 to 4 weeks, you will see roots starting to form.

3. Rooting in Soil

fig cuttings in soil

Growing your fig cutting in soil is straightforward. Use a pot with good drainage and fill it with a 50/50 mixture of perlite and compost. Dip the bottom of the cutting in rooting hormone and place it in the soil mixture. Water the soil thoroughly and cover the pot with plastic wrap to help keep the moisture in. Keep the pot in a warm and bright location but out of direct sunlight. After a few weeks, you should notice new growth on the cutting, indicating that new roots are forming.

4. Transplanting

transplanting fig trees

Once your fig cutting has developed roots, you can transplant it outdoors in the spring when the weather is warm, and the ground has thawed. When you transplant, it’s best to do it in a new, fresh soil mixture. Be sure to plant the new fig tree cutting with the same soil depth as it was in the pot. Water your new fig tree cutting well once every week for the first year to help it to establish a strong root system.


Starting new fig trees from cuttings is simple and rewarding. With a little patience and some care, you can grow a beautiful new fig tree without the need for expensive seedlings. Whether you choose to propagate your cuttings in water or soil, the key is to have healthy cuttings, use rooting hormone, and keep your new fig tree cutting in a warm, bright location.

Planting and Caring for the Fig Tree Cutting

Fig Tree Cuttings

Fig trees are an excellent addition to any garden or orchard, not just because they produce delicious fruits, but also because they are easy to grow from cuttings. In this article, we’ll share with you the steps on how to grow fig trees from cuttings, from selecting the right cuttings to caring for the young trees.

4. Transplanting the Fig Tree Cuttings

Transplanting fig cuttings

Once the roots and shoots have grown, it’s time to transplant the fig tree cuttings to a more permanent location. To do this, find a spot in your garden where the soil is fertile and well-draining, and where the tree will receive full sunlight for at least six hours a day. Here’s how to transplant the fig tree cuttings:

  1. Prepare the soil: Dig a hole that is twice the size of the root ball of the fig tree cutting. Make sure the soil is loosened up and free from any rocks or debris, as this can hinder the growth of the tree.
  2. Water the hole: Before transplanting the fig tree cutting, thoroughly water the hole to make sure that the soil is moist. This will help prevent the roots from drying out and will provide the tree with the moisture it needs to establish itself in the new location.
  3. Transplant the cuttings: Carefully remove the fig tree cutting from the pot or container, making sure not to damage the roots. Place the cutting in the hole, then backfill it with the surrounding soil. Gently tamp down the soil to ensure that the cutting is held securely in place.
  4. Water the tree: Water the fig tree immediately after planting to help settle the soil around the roots. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged for the first few weeks after planting, as this will help the tree establish itself in its new home.
  5. Add mulch: Finally, add a layer of mulch around the base of the tree to help retain moisture in the soil and suppress weeds. Keep the mulch at least two inches away from the trunk of the tree to prevent rot and fungal diseases.

It’s important to note that, while fig trees are not particularly fussy, they do require a bit of attention, especially during their first few years of growth. Make sure to water your fig tree regularly, especially during hot and dry weather. You can also fertilize the tree once a year with a slow-release fertilizer to help it grow lush and healthy. With proper care, your fig tree will produce delicious fruit for many years to come.

Troubleshooting Common Issues with Fig Tree Cuttings

Troubleshooting Common Issues with Fig Tree Cuttings

While growing fig trees from cuttings is a relatively simple process, there may be some common issues you encounter along the way. In this section, we will cover some of the most common problems and how to troubleshoot them.

1. Mold or Rot

Mold or Rot

If you notice mold or rot on your fig tree cuttings, it may be due to excessive moisture. Make sure that your cuttings have proper drainage and are not sitting in standing water. You can also try reducing watering frequency or adding a fungicide to the soil.

2. Wilting or Drooping

Wilting or Drooping

If your fig tree cuttings are wilting or drooping, it could be due to underwatering or overwatering. Check the moisture level in the soil and adjust your watering schedule accordingly. Also, make sure that the cuttings are not in direct sunlight, as this can cause stress.

3. Stunted Growth

Stunted Growth

If your fig tree cuttings are experiencing stunted growth, it may be due to improper soil pH levels. Fig trees prefer a slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.5. You can test the pH level of your soil with a testing kit and adjust it accordingly by adding lime or sulfur.

4. Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing Leaves

If the leaves on your fig tree cuttings are turning yellow, it may be due to nutrient deficiencies or improper lighting. Make sure that your cuttings are receiving enough sunlight and fertilizer. You can also try adjusting the pH level of the soil to make sure that the nutrients are more readily available to the plant.

5. Pests


Fig trees can be vulnerable to a variety of pests, including spider mites, aphids, and whiteflies. To prevent infestations, inspect your cuttings regularly and remove any affected leaves or branches. You can also use insecticidal soap or neem oil to treat pests, but be sure to follow the instructions carefully.

By following these troubleshooting tips, you can help ensure that your fig tree cuttings grow into healthy, productive plants.