You know, the land you are currently stepping on and occupying turns out to have several layers. Soil is one of the natural elements that reside on the surface of the earth. The existence of soil is needed by all living things, be it plants, animals, or humans. The soil you are stepping on now has several layers. Well, on this occasion we will discuss about what the topsoil is used for.
Each layer has its own benefits and benefits. The soil layer is an arrangement of various types of soil that also have their own functions. Be aware of some elements and what the topsoil is used for. Let’s look at the article from lavitaebellablog below.
What Is Topsoil Used For? Let’s Briefly Look At The Diversity
Not only that, understanding this can also be used as your calculation when you want to build a building on the ground. Before understanding the use of the soil layer, first look at some of the layers in the soil that you step on.
As previously explained, the soil layer is an arrangement of various types of soil. In general, the earth you currently live in has the same soil structure. However, there are also some places that have different soil structures.
For example, on the Antarctic mainland, the soil structure there is different from the soil structure on any part of the earth. This is because all the land there is covered by ice. In general, the soil structure is divided into four, namely:
1. Top Layer
The top layer is a layer that has a thickness of approximately 30 cm. This layer is usually referred to as top soil. The upper layer is a layer formed from rocks that are eroded by natural processes. Rocks that are directly affected by the weather will decompose naturally and will become small loots.
These flakes are what we usually call top soil. This layer is the most fertile layer because there are many organic elements in it. This layer is the best layer to be used as a huma for planting plants.
2. Middle Layer
The middle layer is often referred to as clay. This layer is under a layer of top soil with a thickness of approximately 50 cm to 1 meter. This layer is formed from the weathering of some rocks and is deposited because it is carried away by a stream of water from above which is then mixed.
The main characteristic of this layer is that its color is brighter than that of the upper layer. This layer is denser than the upper layer. This middle layer usually functions as a building material because of its malleable nature and difficulty absorbing water. This coating is also usually made as a standard material from soil stoning.
This layer is a layer formed from the deposits of the layers above it. This layer is also slightly mixed with elements from the parent layer and begins to be affected by the process of soil formation from the inside. There are also often rocks that have not been piled up in this layer. This layer is a layer that is difficult to touch or penetrate by plant roots.
4. Parent Layer
This layer is the lowermost layer that forms the structure of the soil. This layer is formed from solid rocks. This type of parental layer is different in each region. It is from this type of stone that makes up the soil that we realize that the soil fertility of each place is different.
In the parent layer, inside it contains rocks that are not strong or easily broken, but in this lapiran it is very difficult to penetrate by plant roots and water. The rocks in this layer are usually gray to reddish. You can see this layer on the cliff walls in the mountains.
The four layers of soil are the layers that are generally present in the soil. Not infrequently there are also places that do not have a complete layer. It usually does not have an upper and middle layer. For example, the land at the top of the mountain. If expanded, the soil layer is not only divided into four.
Judging from the characteristics, arrangement, and profile of the existing soil, this layer is divided into several kinds referred to as soil horizons. This horizon consists of the uppermost soil to the bottom of the ground. There are six layers of activity, namely: horizon O, horizon E, horizon B, horizon C, and horizon R. Each horizon is also divided into several categories depending on the elements that make up the horizon.
Benefits of Subsoil
As explained earlier, in each layer the soil has its own function. From these benefits we will understand what we can do with the land. The benefits of the soil layer are
1.Benefits of the Top Layer (what the topsoil is used for)
This layer is a layer that we can see and we can feel the benefits directly. Moreover, This layer is a layer that has many nutrients. This layer can be overgrown with all plants depending on the climate above it. This percentage of layers consists of minerals, organic matter, water and air.
This is what makes this topsoil referred to as organic soil. In this Layer, worms are often encountered that help with fertility in the soil. This layer is also used for the area where plants are stuck with root fibers. So that the plants in this layer are easy to pull out.
2. Benefits of the Middle Layer
As previously explained, the middle layer is a layer consisting of clay. The benefit of this layer is a soil element that is easily formed by hand. We often find that this layer is used as a material for making bricks and clay. The strong character if burned makes the middle layer soil very suitable for this. This layer of soil is a layer used by taprooted plants to find food.
3.Benefits of the Undercoat and Parent Layer (what the topsoil is used for)
Often we are prejudiced that these two layers have very little benefit. Although these two layers are very important. These two layers are the support of the upper layer. So that, without these two layers, the soil on it does not exist. Not only that, the elements and also the rock models in these two layers are very influential with the layers above.
Not only that, the benefits of these two layers can also be felt on the foundation and also the bottom of the building. These two layers are often used as epilogues to the missing parts of the building. In mountainous areas, these two layers play a very important role in supporting the cliffs so that landslides do not occur.
Thus some info about what the topsoil is used for. Maintaining the integrity of soil elements is something we must do for the fertility of existing soils. Use organic fertilizer in taking care of your plants to maintain fertility and maintain nutrients in the soil. This is because organic fertilizers are suitable for the soil and are easily decomposed by the soil.
Differs from inorganic fertilizers or chemical fertilizers. Although chemical fertilizers can accelerate plant development, chemical fertilizers will make the soil situation dry easily and reduce existing nutrients. Not only that, recycling inorganic waste can also maintain soil fertility. This is because inorganic waste is very difficult to decompose by the soil. Hopefully, this article will be useful from me, thank you.